The Nineteenth Amendment
United States Constitution

Suffrage for All
By Carroll Schleppi

Size:   34 ½” h x 25” w
Construction: Fused raw edge applique, machine quilting, images printed on fabric, lettering printed on fabric
Materials: Printable cotton, muslin, grosgrain ribbon
Contact: cschleppi@gmail.com                                             SOLD  Price: $150

Artist Notes:  The wording of the 19th Amendment was printed on a background of newspaper headlines from across the country proclaiming its passage or failure in the states.  The border, beginning on the left side at the break and reading clockwise, is the dateline by month of the states as they voted on the 19th Amendment.

Tennessee is highlighted in the center top.  Note: Illinois is now listed as the first state to ratify, because the reason for the reaffirmation on June 17, 1919 was based on a technicality.

The vote for passage in Tennessee marked the 36th state to ratify the amendment, thus making it the law of the land.  Note the headline immediately below and to the right is from the Nashville Tennessean of August 23, 1920 praising Mrs. Burn’s son who cast the deciding vote.

The states marked through with a black line are the ones that voted not to ratify.  All 48 states in the Union in 1920 eventually ratified the 19th Amendment.  Mississippi was the last one to do so in 1984.

Research sources:
ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Nashville Tennessean (1812-1922), The Arizona Republican (1890-1922), The Washington Evening Star, The Baltimore Sun, The Bisbee Daily Review, The Washington Herald, The Chattanooga News, The Indianapolis Star

The Library of Congress: Ratification document from Tennessee, Nineteenth Amendment

Nineteenth Amendment Ratification Timeline

See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

The Congress proposed the Nineteenth Amendment on June 4, 1919, and the following states ratified the amendment.

 

  1. Illinois (June 10, 1919) Because of a miswording in the introduction of the bill, but not the amendment itself, Illinois reaffirmed passage of the amendment on June 17 and submitted a brief to confirm that the second vote was merely a legal formality. Illinois was acknowledged by the US Secretary of State as the first state to ratify the amendment.
  2. Wisconsin(June 10, 1919)
  3. Michigan(June 10, 1919)
  4. Kansas(June 16, 1919)
  5. Ohio(June 16, 1919)
  6. New York(June 16, 1919)
  7. Pennsylvania(June 24, 1919)
  8. Massachusetts(June 25, 1919)
  9. Texas(June 28, 1919)
  10. Iowa(July 2, 1919)
  11. Missouri(July 3, 1919)
  12. Arkansas(July 28, 1919)
  13. Montana(August 2, 1919)
  14. Nebraska(August 2, 1919)
  15. Minnesota(September 8, 1919)
  16. New Hampshire(September 10, 1919)
  17. Utah(September 30, 1919)
  18. California(November 1, 1919)
  19. Maine(November 5, 1919)
  20. North Dakota(December 1, 1919)
  21. South Dakota(December 4, 1919)
  22. Colorado(December 15, 1919)
  23. Kentucky(January 6, 1920)
  24. Rhode Island(January 6, 1920)
  25. Oregon(January 13, 1920)
  26. Indiana(January 16, 1920)
  27. Wyoming(January 27, 1920)
  28. Nevada(February 7, 1920)
  29. New Jersey(February 9, 1920)
  30. Idaho(February 11, 1920)
  31. Arizona(February 12, 1920)
  32. New Mexico(February 21, 1920)
  33. Oklahoma(February 28, 1920)
  34. West Virginia(March 10, 1920, confirmed on September 21, 1920)
  35. Washington(March 22, 1920)
  36. Tennessee(August 18, 1920)

Ratification was completed on August 18, 1920, and the following states subsequently ratified the amendment:

  1. Connecticut(September 14, 1920, reaffirmed on September 21, 1920)
  2. Vermont(February 8, 1921)
  3. Delaware(March 6, 1923, after being rejected on June 2, 1920)
  4. Maryland(March 29, 1941, after being rejected on February 24, 1920; not certified until February 25, 1958)
  5. Virginia(February 21, 1952, after being rejected on February 12, 1920)
  6. Alabama(September 8, 1953, after being rejected on September 22, 1919)
  7. Florida(May 13, 1969)
  8. South Carolina(July 1, 1969, after being rejected on January 28, 1920; not certified until August 22, 1973)
  9. Georgia(February 20, 1970, after being rejected on July 24, 1919)
  10. Louisiana(June 11, 1970, after being rejected on July 1, 1920)
  11. North Carolina(May 6, 1971)
  12. Mississippi (March 22, 1984, after being rejected on March 29, 1920)

Suffragists–The Quilts